September 2, 2015
ARTICLE:

Normal speech and language development

By Tommy Tran

Speech-bubble-846x528

Speech and language delay is the most common development delay seen in young children. An important concept to understand is the difference between speech and language. Language is what your child wants to say or what they understand, while speech involves how he/she puts sounds together to make words.

Speech development (learning to make sounds) occurs over the first 6-7 years of your child’s life. A rule of thumb regarding the amount of speech that can be understood, is equal to your child’s age divided by 4. For example, a 1-year old 25% of the time, a 2-year old  years old 50% of the time, 3-year old 75% of the time and a 4-year old 100% of the time. The table below shows how different sounds develop over time. Note that the “th” and “r” sound aren’t completely developed until children are almost 7!

 

Table 1: typical development of speech sounds

Speech-chart-1

Language consist of several components. Expressive language relates to the words that your child says, while receptive language is how they understand what they are told. Sometimes parents feel their child doesn’t listen, and it is important to make sure they actually understand what they are being told. The table below has shows the typical language milestones in children.

 

Table 2: language milestones

Speech-chart-2

 

If you have concerns about your child’s speech and language development, speak to your GP, speech pathologist or Paediatrician. Often the first step is to have a hearing test performed.

References:

O’Hare A and Bremner L (2015) Management of developmental speech and language disorders: Part 1. Archives of disease in childhood 0:1-6 doi:10.1136

 

 

Have you used our service? We are always looking for ways to improve so please take the time to complete our survey.

 

National Disability Insurance ...
As many of you may be aware, the NDIS has started its roll out throughout Queensland. In fact there are over 7,000 people enrolled in Queensland ...
Excessive screen use and our kids
With advancing technology, our children seem to be spending more and more time using screens. The American academy of Paediatrics recommends NO ...
Fidgets
  The fidget spinners craze has been incredible to watch however it has led to some confusion around 'fidgets' and how they might ...
Living with eczema
What is eczema?  Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a very common inflammatory condition of the skin. While the causes are not well understood, eczema ...
Mindfulness: Can it help my ...
It is hard to escape all the talk about Mindfulness. In fact, it is being mentioned so much in mainstream media that it would be easy to dismiss it ...
Let’s talk about anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is the most severe and potentially dangerous type of allergic reaction. It is especially serious as it usually affects multiple bodily ...
What about the flu vaccine if my ...
Vaccinating your children is very important to reduce the risk of them developing serious infections such as measles, meningococcal disease or ...
Introduction of Solids
Avoiding allergenic foods in infancy and allergy In 2008, the American Academy of Paediatrics recommended early childhood avoidance of highly ...
ASCIA Guidelines for the ...
ASCIA GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION OF FOOD ALLERGIES Maternal Diet in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Excluding foods from maternal diet in ...
Food Intolerance
IS IT INTOLERANCE OR ALLERGY? Food allergy is an immune reaction to foods. Food intolerance is better understood as a chemical sensitivity which is ...
Tongue-Ties in Newborns
A tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a short, thin piece of skin under the baby's tongue (lingual frenulum) which restricts the movement of the tongue ...
How do you diagnose epilepsy?
Seizures are quite common in the Australian population.
Eczema tips and tricks
Eczema or atopic dermatitis is an extremely common condition in children.
Chromosomal microarray testing in ...
With the increase incidence in autism, there has been more research into the potential causes for autism
What do you do after a diagnosis ...
With more people being diagnosed with Autism, what do you need to do after your child has been given a diagnosis?
What does an autism assessment ...
What does an Autism Assessment does actually entail?
Coughing in children
What are the common causes of coughing?
Bed Wetting
About 5% of children aged nine to ten still wet the bed.
Anxiety in Children
Anxious behaviours are common in children.
Positional Plagiocephaly – ...
Positional plagiocephaly is a very common condition that results in an asymmetrical head shape.